LAW N. 77/2006. Unesco World Heritage Sites
The Directorate General of Management and Promotion of Cultural Heritage is responsible for administering the funds provided by Law No. 77/2006 Special measures of protection and use of the Italian sites of cultural, scenic and environmental interest, inserted in the List of World Heritage, placed under the protection of UNESCO, which provides, among other things, financial assistance in support of activities to promote, communicate and use these sites.
Italy, among the 187 member states of the Convention on the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage of 1972, is the country with the largest number of sites inscribed on the List (45).
On February 20, 2006 Law No. 77 was enacted. A fundamental law, established by law for the first time that the UNESCO sites, for their uniqueness, are points of excellence in Italian cultural heritage, landscape and nature, as well as the basic elements of the representation of our country internationally. It also established the principle that intervention on UNESCO sites take priority; a important statement which shows how valuable the recognition as a World Heritage site can help to define particular strategies, also as it concerns the allocation of financial resources.
Law 77 also formally recognized the management plans required by UNESCO as a means of ensuring the conservation of sites and create the conditions for its use, defining priorities for action and its implementation modalities, as well as all possible actions to find the necessary public and private resources, as well as appropriate forms of connection with programs or regulatory instruments which pursue complementary objectives (Article 3).
The management of Italian UNESCO sites rests with the various departments that, within the specific institutional areas, are responsible for protection, conservation and development activities, or are subject to being referred for actions related to knowledge, awareness, or economic promotion. The Ministry, before the approval of Law 77, had invited people to identify these different forms of coordination to optimize the performance of specific activities in place or planned; this useful experience was taken into account in the drafting of the Circular of the General Secretary of the Ministry (May 30, 2007) for enforcing the law, which identifies precisely those responsible for the management, the beneficiaries of the law, and the managers of sites, which is tasked with submitting applications for funding and carrying out the reporting on the implementation of approved projects.
To date, 129 projects have been funded for a total of 10,074,000.00 euros for the financial years 2006-2007-2008. Of these, three and a half million euros have been used by the sites to process management plans, while the remaining six and a half million have been allocated for development projects, communication and usage.
The General Directorate looks after the matters relating to this Act, in particular managing the identification and monitoring of projects approved for funding, and also offering technical and administrative support to the sites.
For more information: www.unesco.beniculturali.it
Law 77/2006 - Special measures for protection and use of the Italian sites of cultural, scenic and environmental interest included in the \"World Heritage List\", under the protection of UNESCO.
The new form for technical and administrative accountability of projects approved for financing from the financial years 2007 and 2008 can be downloaded from the following link:
Circular No 17/2011 of 9 June 2011 established procedures and deadlines for submission of requests for financing for the 2011 fiscal year, for the assistance provided by art. 4, paragraph 1 of Law February 20, 2006, No 77 entitled \"Special measures of protection and use of the Italian sites of cultural, scenic and environmental interest, included in the \'World Heritage List\', placed under the protection of UNESCO\" (deadline July 25, 2011):